Located in West Africa, Benin is a natural corridor between Nigeria and countries of the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU). In light of Benin’s stable political environment and commitment to key economic policy measures, Benin is expected to exhibit strong growth in the medium term, while keeping inflation low and the fiscal position strong, . Since 2016, the Government has worked to launch the structural transformation of the economy, with an ambitious government action program dubbed "Revealing Benin" (http://revealingbenin.com) which combines reforms targeted towards productive investments in the sectors of agriculture, tourism and culture, digital, infrastructure and power generation. The Government also concluded on April 7, 2017, a three-year economic program aimed at (i) creating fiscal space by stepping up domestic revenue mobilization and enhancing the efficiency of government spending, (ii) increasing gradually absorptive capacity to scale up investment, (iii) strengthening public debt management and (iv) promoting private sector investment by strengthening institutions and improving the local business climate.
|GDP per Capita, U.S. dollars||831.1|
| GDP Growth, percent
|Inflation, end of period, percent||0.14|
|General Government Debt, percent||54.6|
|Global Competitiveness Ranking 2017-18||120|
|Doing Business Ranking, 2019||153|
|*Figures are for the period 2017, unless otherwise indicated.|
Heritage & Tourism
- Benin has a rich and untapped touristic potential rooted in its heritage. Its strongpoints lie in its culture, the arts and voodoo civilization, the memory and remnants of the slave trade and the largest animal park in West Africa. The objective is to develop tourism into a full-fledged economic sector. The sector’s contribution to GDP is projected to grow to US$ 628 million in 2021 compared to US$ 182 million in 2016.
- Positioning Pendjari park as the Natural Park of reference in the West African region (US$ 26 million)
- Reinventing the Lake City of Ganvié (US$ 43 million)
- Developing beachside resorts (US$ 333 million)
- The objective is to promote inclusive growth and leverage agriculture as an economic growth vehicle to generate jobs and wealth for Benin.
- Extension of sown areas, improvement of productivity and development of high value added agricultural product transformation (maze, rice, pineapple, cashew, cassava, cotton)
- Development of 500 ha of aquaculture zones for the production of 20,000 tons of fish for over 5 years
- Improvements in meat, milk and egg production: Reaching 104,000 tons of meat, 172,000 tons of milk and 25,000 tons of eggs produced by 2021
- The objective is to achieve energy independence in the short-term and ensure distribution at competitive prices.
- Construction of floating gas storage and gas regasification units near the Port of Cotonou to supply onshore gas-powered plants generating 500 MW
- Development of renewable energy - Rebalancing of thermal production mix with the construction of 2 hydroelectric dams and the implantation of solar farms
- Extension and rehabilitation of national power distribution network
- The objective is to ensure inclusive and sustainable development built around resilient and secure cities.
- Development and rehabilitation of 850 kilometers of urban main access roads, secondary and tertiary access roads in 9 cities
- Development of Cotonou lagoon banks and sanitization of lagoon
- Development of social housing real estate programs to accommodate approximately 20,000 housing units
- Construction of multidisciplinary urban complex dedicated to international forums and culture – National theater of 3,000 seats, conference centre of 3,500 seats and various other attractions