Guinea’s economy has rebounded from the adverse impact of the Ebola epidemic. Growth is expected to reach 6 percent over the medium term supported by buoyant mining activity, the scaling-up of infrastructure investments and the Government commitment for a modern fast growing rural economy. The business environment has significantly improved, as Guinea’s Doing Business ranking has improved by 15 places between 2013 and 2017. Guinea is now one of the fastest-growing countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. The country benefits from a strategic geographic position, unrivaled mining resources, the highest hydro electrical capacity in Western Africa and a rich and untapped agricultural potential. .
The National Social and Economic Development Plan (PNDES 2016-2020) aims to achieve sustainable and inclusive-growth and reduce poverty through a structural transformation of the economy supported by the private sector development, on the back of infrastructure development and human capacity building. The PNDES will also reinforce ongoing efforts towards reforms, with continued financial and technical support from its development partners.
|GDP per Capita, U.S. dollars||790.3|
| GDP Growth, percent
|Inflation, end of period, percent||8.91|
|General Government Debt, percent||37.95|
|Global Competitiveness Ranking 2017-18||119|
|Doing Business Ranking, 2019||152|
|*Figures are for the period 2017, unless otherwise indicated.|
The hydroelectric potential of Guinea is Western Africa’s highest. However, only about 6% of a total hydropower capacity estimated at 6,100 MW is used. The 240 MW Kaleta dam is now active, and the 450 MW Souapiti dam is expected to be delivered in 2020, ensuring energy independence and establishing Guinea as an energy exporter. While international distribution networks are being built, the electrification rate sits at roughly 30%, leaving significant opportunities to develop the electricity grid.
- Construction of a 27 MW hydropower plant in the Macenta district
- Construction of a 100 MW hydropower plant in the Mandiana distric
- Construction of a 300 MW hydropower plant in the Dubreka district
- National program for improved electricity access: development of low and medium voltage lines and individual electric installation
The objective is to fulfill the needs of the Guinean population, become an exporter of agricultural products and develop agro-industries. Thanks to abundant rainfall and a 6,250km river system, Guinea has a comparative advantage in the production of various water-intensive crops and highvalue vegetables, fruits and nuts, while it is estimated that only 25% of the country’s 6.2 M ha of arable land is under production.
- Development of cashew nut plantations
- Development of agricultural value-chains in coffee, cocoa, potatoes, corn, cassava, cotton
- Hydro-agricultural development of 20,000 ha of agricultural plain along the Milo river
- Construction, rehabilitation and supply of three vegetable production centers, six research centers and communal tree nurseries
- Development of intensive meat and milk production from the Ditinn and Famoila farms
The objective is to ensure a decent living environment for the entire Guinean population, improving the multi-dimensional poverty indicators and working towards the attainment of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. The Conakry 2040 presents such a vision for the Guinean capital.
- Construction of two regional teaching hospitals and four universities
- Concession for the collection, transfer and disposal of solid waste for Conakry and its region
- Drilling of 700 wells in the Mandiana and Kerouane districts
- Construction of 20,000 social housing units in the Conakry region
- Construction of commercial malls in Conakry
The objective is to develop Guinea’s urban and national transportation network, as well as international transportation routes. These initiatives will allow the exploiting of Guinea’s natural position as a regional hub in Western Africa, with 6 borders totalling 3400km and a 320km coastline. As such, it can provide an access to the sea to landlocked countries such as Mali.
- Rehabilitation of the Conakry-Kankan-Bamako railroad (900km)
- Rehabilitation, construction and asphalting of national roads, including those extending to borders of neighboring countries: RN7 to Mali (150km), RN8 to Senegal (185km), RN27-30 (529km)
- Construction of a new international airport and rehabilitation of regional airports
- Development of Guinea’s digital infrastructures in particular fixed infrastructure
The objective is to unveil the subsoil reserves of minerals and energy, and
consolidate Guinea’s position as a leading mineral exporter. Guinea has twothirds of the world’s bauxite reserves, as well as an estimated 700 M tons of gold reserves, 500 M carats of diamond and 8,300 M tons of iron. Mining is now Guinea’s largest export.
There is considerable room for exploration as most of Guinea’s reserves
remain to be discovered. Untapped reserves of bauxite, gold, diamond,
iron, manganese, zinc, cobalt, nickel and uranium are significant. The new
Mining code, the one-stop shop for mining and the digitalization of the
mining cadastral system and licenses will support such the development of
Culture and Tourism
The objective is to establish Guinea as a tourism destination, so that it contributes to a significant share of GDP and employment in the medium term. Guinea has a great and untapped tourism potential, led by a longstanding and rich heritage and a unique and diverse ecosystem split into four distinct regions. The potential to develop natural and eco-tourism is therefore significant.
- Sustainable development of tourism in the regional parks network
- Creation of eight craft villages in four districts
- Construction of the National Youth Palace and the National Culture Palace